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Sebago Maine Town Seal
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Floodplain Management - Article IX
Appeals and Variances
The Board of Appeals of the Town of Sebago, Maine, may upon written application of an aggrieved party, hear and decide appeals from determinations of the Planning Board and/or Code Enforcement Officer in the administration of the provisions of this Ordinance.  The Board of Appeals may grant a variance from the requirements of this Ordinance consistent with state law and the following criteria:

A.      Variances shall not be granted within any designated regulatory floodway if any increase in flood levels during the base flood discharge would result.

B.      Variances shall be granted only upon:

1.      a showing of good and sufficient cause; and,

2.      a determination that should a flood comparable to the base flood occur, the granting of a variance will not result in increased flood heights, additional threats to public safety, public expense, or create nuisances, cause fraud or victimization of the public or conflict with existing local laws or ordinances; and,

3.      a showing that the existence of the variance will not conflict with other state, federal or local laws or ordinances; and,

4.      a determinations that failure to grant the variance would result in “undue hardship,” which in this sub-section means:
a.      that the land in question cannot yield a reasonable return unless a variance is granted; and,
b.      that the need for a variance is due to the unique circumstances of the property and not to the general conditions in the neighborhood; and,
c.      that the granting of a variance will not alter the essential character of the locality; and,
d.      that the hardship is not the result of action taken by the applicant or a prior owner.

C.      Variances shall only be issued upon a determination that the variance is the minimum necessary, considering the flood hazard, to afford relief.

A.      Variances may be issued by a community for new construction, substantial improvements, or other development for the conduct of a functionally dependent use provided that:
        
1.      other criteria of Article IX and Article VI-I are met; and,

2.      the structure or other development is protected by methods that minimize flood damages during the base flood and create no additional threats to public safety.

B.      Variances may be issued by a community for the reconstruction, rehabilitation, or restoration of structures listed on the National Register of Historic Places or a State Inventory of Historic Places, without regard to the procedures set forth in Article IX, paragraphs A through D.

C.      Any applicant who meets the criteria of Article IX, paragraphs A through E shall be notified by the Board of Appeals in writing over the signature of the Chairman of the Board of Appeals that:
        
1.      The issuance of a variance to construct a structure below the base flood level will result in greatly increased premium rates for flood insurance up to amounts as high as $25 per $100 of insurance coverage;
2.      such construction below the base flood level increases risks to life and property; and,
3.      the applicant agrees in writing that the applicant is fully aware of all the risks inherent in the use of land subject to flooding, assumes those risks and agrees to indemnify and defend the municipality against any claims filed against it that are related to the applicant’s decision to use land located in a floodplain and that the applicant individually releases the municipality from any claims the applicant may have against the municipality that are related to the use of land located in a floodplain.

D.      The Board of Appeals shall submit to the Planning Board and/or Code Enforcement Officer a report of all variance actions, including justification for the granting of the variance and an authorization for the Code Enforcement Officer to issue a Flood Hazard Development Permit, which includes any conditions to be attached to said permit.